How to effectively memorize a rule?
It can be frustrating to get stuck on the same grammatical rules. You can easily find the right answers by doing exercises, but everything gets harder when you have to express yourself orally or in writing.
A structured method to help you correct this problem
- Make sure you know the grammar rule perfectly.
- Rewrite the grammar rule in your own words in a notebook or on your computer.
- Visualize the contexts in which this rule is important. Understanding the need for a rule is as important as understanding the rule itself.
- Find 10 different examples where this rule is used. Ideally, the examples should have various shapes. If the grammatical rule does not apply to a particular tense, try to find sentences expressed in the past, present, future, conditional, etc. Also find affirmative, negative, interrogative, singular and plural sentences.
- Memorize these different sentences. These examples will allow you to instinctively remember the grammatical rules. A flash card system can also help.
- Record yourself reading these sentences.
- Listen to your recordings when you have free time (in transport, in the evening, ...)
- When you are familiar with your ten sentences, change only a few words in each example.
- Repeat the process with these ten modified sentences.
- Study whole sentences.
- Listen and speak as much French as possible. One hour per week is a minimum.
- Accept that sometimes there is no logical reason for certain grammatical rules.
- Stop translating and look for similarities to your native language. While this can be reassuring at first, this system will then lead you to make mistakes.
- If you find that you are making a mistake orally, try to correct yourself out loud automatically.